Islamic calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy, based upon the alphabet in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage. It includes Arabic Calligraphy, Ottoman, and Persian calligraphy.It is known in Arabic as khatt Islami (خط إسلامي), meaning Islamic line, design, or construction.
Islamic calligraphy is not limited to strictly religious subjects, objects, or spaces. Like all Islamic art, it encompasses a diverse array of works created in a wide variety of contexts.The prevalence of calligraphy in Islamic art is not directly related to its non-figural tradition; rather, it reflects the centrality of the notion of writing and written text in Islam.
Islamic calligraphy developed from two major styles: Kufic and Nashk. Islamic calligraphy has also been incorporated into modern art beginning with the post-colonial period in the Middle East, as well as the more recent style of calligraffiti.
For centuries, the art of writing has fulfilled a central iconographic function in Islamic art.Although the academic tradition of Islamic calligraphy began in Baghdad, the center of the Islamic empire during much of its early history, it eventually spread as far as India and Spain.
The pens used for Arabic Calligraphy vary from Latin calligraphy. The tools used for calligraphy are different assortments of pens and calligraphy ink. The most common calligraphy pen used is:
The Kamish Pen also known as a reed pen is used by Arab, Turkish, and Iranian calligraphers. The reed of the pen is grown along rivers.
Bamboo PenBamboo Pens are one of the oldest pens used for calligraphy. The edge of Bamboo pens allow the performance of calligraphy to be in full movement.
Java PenThe Java pen is known for the tools hardness and ability to create sharp edges. The man is good to use for small scripts.
Handam PenThe Handam pen consists of the same strength that the Jave pen has. The pen is good to use for all kinds of scripts.
The Celi Pen is used for large writing in Arabic Calligraphy. These pens are made from hardwood and cut and drilled.